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Replacement Surgeries

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

A total knee replacement is a surgical procedure to “IMPROVE QUALITY OF LIFE” and repair the damaged portion of your knee. Most significantly, it frees you from pain and continuous medication. It also makes you less dependable and autonomous in managing yourself.

Once you’ve made the decision to have a knee replacement, it’s crucial to understand what the procedure can do for you and its limitations, which will be covered in depth during consultations. The entire preoperative, postoperative, and rehabilitation process will be explained in person, along with what to anticipate, what you can do, and what you shouldn’t do. Patients’ general mobility and improvement in their pain levels significantly increase following knee replacement. 

When Surgery Is Warranted?

Causes

The most disabling problem in the knee is arthritis. The different causes why arthritis happens in knee are:

  • Osteoarthritis
  •  Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Post traumatic arthritis
  • Post septic sequel
  • AVN

Surgical Procedure

In reality, a total knee replacement does not entail removing a significant portion of the knee and substituting it with a metal prosthesis. What truly is done is only a few millimetre of the damaged cartilage and bone is removed from your thigh bone[FEMUR] and Leg bone[Tibia] and Kneecap [PATELLA) and replaced with metal prosthesis The delicate soft tissue balancing required for improved knee function is the most crucial step in total knee replacement. Because of this, total knee replacement is seen as more of a soft tissue surgery than a bony one.

The basic steps are

Rehabilitation

Patients are made to stand and walk according to their recovery on the same day of the knee Muscle strengthening and stretches are started. Special Precautions are taken for preventive measures of complications.

Total Hip Replacement Surgery

A prosthetic implant is used to replace the hip joint during a hip replacement surgery. A complete hip replacement or a partial hip replacement can be done during hip replacement surgery. Such orthopedic joint replacement surgery is typically performed as part of treating a hip fracture to alleviate arthritis pain or repair severe physical joint damage. Hemiarthroplasty typically only substitutes the femoral head in a total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty), which replaces both the acetabulum and the femoral head. The most frequent orthopedic procedure today is a hip replacement, but both short- and long-term patient satisfaction differs greatly.

The most typical treatment for joint failure brought on by osteoarthritis is a total hip replacement. Rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, and severe arthritis are additional symptoms.several types of hip fractures, innocuous and cancerous bone tumors, protrusion of the acetabulum, Paget’s disease-related arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The procedure’s goals are to reduce pain and enhance hip mobility. Hip replacement is typically only taken into consideration after failing with other treatments like physical therapy and painkillers.

Bipolar Hip Hemi Replacement

Hip Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fracture

The femoral neck, a delicate portion of the thigh bone that aids in joining the “bair end of the bone to the main shaft,” is where hip fractures frequently take place. This region of the bone is susceptible to blood supply interruption due to fractures, which cannot be managed conservatively.

Bipolar hemiarthroplasty is an effective method of treating femoral neck fractures. Hemiarthroplasty is a surgical technique that preserves the other half of the hip joint while replacing one with a prosthetic. We prefer to use a bipolar type of device, which has a femoral head that rotates during movement, out of the various choices available. Despite having few indications, this helps to lessen the amount of wear and strain on the new joint for longer lasting effects.

The bipolar prosthetic is used to replace the damaged femoral head and neck during the hemiarthroplasty operation. It is possible to secure the prosthesis with or without cement. After surgery, patients will require physical rehabilitation to help the joint regain movement and function. Therapy starts as soon as the patient is at ease following operation, which is frequently the next day. The majority of patients benefit from this procedure and see lasting, effective effects.

Revision Hip And Knee Replacement

A rising tendency in hip and knee replacement surgeries has been observed over the last three decades. Numerous conditions have led to the replacement of millions of hips and knees worldwide. Revision replacement surgery is the process by which these prostheses are taken out and replaced with fresh, more secure implants.

Surgery

The fundamental procedures include meticulous and clean dissection, evaluation of the bone stalk, removal of the implant, evaluation of bone loss, removal of fibrous tissue, soft tissue balancing, placement of trial implants and stability checks, joint lavage, placement of a new implant, and wound closure.

Complications

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