GI Surgery - Oesophagus, Gastro Intestinal & Colonic Surgery
Gastrointestinal surgery is also called GI surgery, it is a treatment of diseases affecting the digestive organs. The stomach, oesophagus, large intestine, small intestine, and rectum are all a part of this, including the liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. A cancerous or non-cancerous growth or a damaged part of the body, such as the intestine, may be removed through this surgery. It can also be used to repair problems such as hernias (a hole or weak spot in the wall of the abdomen). Minor surgical procedures are used to screen and diagnose digestive system problems.
Why Is GI Surgery Done?
Gastrointestinal surgery is to treat benign conditions, in other words, non-cancerous, and affects the digestive tract, which includes the oesophagus, appendix, liver, stomach, pancreas, intestines, gallbladder, and bile ducts.
When stomach acid backs up into the oesophagus which is the food pipe, it is known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) or acid reflux that causes heartburn. A hiatal hernia can also occasionally cause Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. This occurs when the diaphragm, a muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen, is separated by the stomach. Doctors specialized in this field can rectify the complications by performing a procedure known as a Fundoplication. If Hernia is found to be present, the surgeon will treat it before strengthening the sphincter that keeps the acid from entering the oesophagus by covering the top of the stomach around the bottom of the tube.
Other Gastro & Hepatobiliary Treatments
Types Of GI Surgery
When stomach acid backs up into the oesophagus (food pipe), it is known as GERD or acid reflux and causes heartburn. A hiatal hernia can occasionally cause it. This occurs when the diaphragm, a muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen, is breached by the stomach. The doctor can correct it by performing a procedure known as a fundoplication (fun-doh-pluh-cay-shun). If there is a hernia, the surgeon will treat it before strengthening the sphincter that keeps acid from entering the oesophagus by wrapping the top of the stomach around the bottom of the tube.
Gastrointestinal Surgery is done to remove cancerous sections as well as cancerous tumors from the digestive system. The doctor would remove the tumor along with a portion of the pancreas, liver, or intestine that has cancer.
Colon surgery is done to remove all or a portion of the colon. It is a long, tube-like organ at the end of the digestive system. Thus surgery helps to treat or prevent illnesses and conditions that affect your colon, hence colon surgery may be required if you’re facing any of these symptoms.