Glaucoma - Screening And Treatment

Glaucoma is  an eye disease that causes vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma develops when fluid accumulates in front of your eyes. Increased intraocular pressure is caused by excess fluid that is formed. Increased intraocular pressure can cause optic nerve damage. The optic nerve transports data from the eye to the brain. Damage to the optic nerve can result in serious vision problems.

Types Of Glaucoma

Primary open-angle glaucoma

Primary open-angle glaucoma is a type of open-angle glaucoma. The most common form of glaucoma. It occurs when the fluid in the eye does not drain properly from the drainage canals of the eye. The fluid becomes clogged in the canals, much like a clogged sink drain becomes clogged with water. This raises the pressure in the eyes. Open-angle glaucoma develops gradually over months or years. Initially, most people have no symptoms or vision changes. Open-angle glaucoma typically affects both eyes simultaneously.

Angle-closure glaucoma

Angle-closure glaucoma, also known as narrow-angle glaucoma. In the United States, this type of glaucoma is uncommon. It typically affects only one eye at a time. The drainage canals in the eyes are covered up in this type of glaucoma, as if a stopper was placed over a drain. Acute or chronic closed-angle glaucoma can occur.

Acute closed-angle glaucoma

Acute closed-angle glaucoma causes an increase in eye pressure that is sudden. It's a true medical emergency. If untreated, people with acute closed-angle glaucoma can lose their vision in a matter of hours.

Chronic closed-angle glaucoma

Chronic closed-angle glaucoma takes time to develop. In many cases, no symptoms appear until the damage is severe.

Causes Of Glaucoma


The symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and stage of your disease.

There are no symptoms in the early stages. Patchy blind spots appear in your side vision Later on, you may have difficulty seeing things in your central vision.

Open-angle Glaucoma

Acute angle-closure Glaucoma

Normal-tension Glaucoma

Pigmentary Glaucoma

Glaucoma In Children

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