The prostate is a small, nut-shaped gland in men that produces sperm, which helps nourish and transport sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Generally, prostate cancer grows slowly, without early signs of prostate cancer, and is initially limited to the prostate gland. Therefore, it cannot cause serious damage. But in some unfortunate cases, cancer can spread quickly. Prostate cancer is very rare before the age of 50, and the average age of men is around 70.
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Prostate Cancer Causes:
In most cases, the cause is genetic, either family history or sudden mutations/changes in the affected person’s genes. These harmful mutations in a person’s DNA cause cells to reproduce abnormally, making abnormal cells more likely to survive than normal cells. This chaos changes the normal functioning of the whole being. Prostate cancer is also a byproduct of one such human chaos.
Prostate cancer Risk factors:
Prostate Cancer Symptoms:
In some cases, symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia are difficult to distinguish. Prostate Cancer Doctors diagnostic tests would help differentiate the diseases. Another difficulty in diagnosing this condition is that symptoms sometimes do not appear in the early stages. Also, in the early stages, symptoms related to the spread of cancer of the prostate gland to other areas (mainly to the pelvic bones and the lumbar region of the spine) do not appear. The main symptoms indicating spread are back pain, weight loss, anemia.
Prostate Cancer Treatment
A process called active surveillance, which involves scheduling regular biopsies, is done at Chennai Prostate Cancer Clinic for patients whose tumor is localized to a smaller area. Hormone replacement therapy, such as luteinizing hormone analogs, has been shown to be effective. Radiotherapy for prostate surgery (total or partial) are also performed, but are only considered in patients who have a better treatment threshold or who have a life expectancy of more than 10 years.
Prevention Of Prostate Cancer
The strategy to stay away from this disease is to take proper preventive measures. Prostate cancer screening is a smart and effective strategy to achieve this goal. Consider prostate cancer screening with an annual PSA and digital rectal exam at Urology Clinic Chennai if you are in the age group of 45 to 70 years. It is advisable to apply for screening earlier if there is a prior history of prostate cancer in the family.