Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is an eye condition that affects the retina’s blood vessels. ROP is common in premature babies, affecting approximately 65% of babies, weighing less than 1251 g at birth. This condition is typically very mild and resolves on its own without the need for treatment. In a very few babies (usually the smallest and most premature) the ROP does not get better and proper ROP screening is needed. If left untreated, severe ROP can seriously impair a baby’s vision and can even cause blindness.
Other Ophthalmology Treatments
Causes Of ROP
A baby’s general condition may also influence whether ROP develops or becomes severe.
However, some premature babies with no serious illnesses develop ROP, whereas others who have been critically ill do not. Therefore it is necessary to screen ROP in all babies under 32 weeks.
Screening Of ROP
ROP screening is an eye examination performed by an ophthalmologist (or eye specialist) to detect signs of ROP. All babies weighing less than 1500 grams at birth or born more than 8 weeks prematurely will require at least one eye screening.