Thyroid Surgery & Parathyroid Surgery

Thyroid Surgery

The thyroid gland can be completely or partially removed during a thyroidectomy. To treat thyroid cancer, goitres, thyroid nodules, and other conditions, surgeons perform thyroidectomies. The reason for the surgery will determine the recommendation regarding the extent of thyroid surgery. The extent of surgery, however, should be decided in consultation with the endocrinologist and surgeon as it is both a complex medical and personal choice.

Types Of Thyroid Surgery

Symptoms Of Thyroid Which Leads To Surgery

Parathyroid Surgery

The parathyroid glands may be partially or completely removed during a parathyroidectomy, which is also known as a parathyroid surgery. The levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood are regulated by the parathyroid glands. Parathyroid surgery eliminates the abnormal glands that cause dangerously high blood calcium levels when they cease to function properly.

Types Of Parathyroid Surgery


Primary hyperparathyroidism

One or more of the four parathyroid glands secrete excessive amounts of PTH, which raises calcium levels in the blood and results in primary hyperparathyroidism. Kidney stones and bone loss may both be risks because of this. It is frequently brought on by a gland growth, which is typically benign, or by one or more parathyroid glands that are overactive. Hypoparathyroidism

Secondary hyperparathyroidism

When a different disease or condition, such renal disease or a vitamin D deficiency, reduces the quantity of calcium in your body, the parathyroid works overtime and secretes more PTH to try to restore calcium levels to normal. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is the name given to this disorder.



Low calcium levels are a result of hypoparathyroidism, or an underactive parathyroid. The uncommon condition may be brought on by parathyroid damage, an autoimmune condition, a genetic condition, or a lack of magnesium.

Symptoms of Parathyroid

Hyperparathyroidism is the term used to describe the overactivity of the parathyroid glands. The blood’s calcium levels increase as a result. You might encounter:

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